Asthma is a lung disease that lasts for a long time. Asthma makes your airways narrow and swell, and it also makes you make more mucus than usual. It can make it hard to breathe, which can lead to coughing, shortness of breath, and wheezing when you breathe out. Even though there is no cure for asthma, it can be taken care of. Because asthma symptoms can change over time, the best pulmonologist in Mumbai says it’s important to keep track of your signs and symptoms and change your treatment as needed. It can be a small problem or a life-threatening one, depending on the type, severity, age, and environment of the patient.
Different kinds of asthma
Asthma caused by allergies or irritants
Pollen, dust mites, and pets are some of the things that can cause allergic asthma. About 80% of people with allergic asthma also have hay fever, eczema, or food allergies. If you have allergic asthma, your doctor will probably give you an inhaler to use every day to prevent symptoms and an inhaler to use when you already have symptoms. It’s also important to stay as far away from your asthma triggers as possible if you want to avoid having a bad attack.
Asthma that comes and goes with the seasons
This kind of asthma is brought on by allergens that are only around at certain times of the year. Symptoms of seasonal asthma can be brought on by cold air in the winter or pollen in the spring or summer. Patients with seasonal asthma still have the disease the rest of the year, even though they usually don’t have any symptoms. On the other hand, an allergy might not cause asthma.
Asthma in kids
Anyone of any age can get asthma, but kids get it more often than adults. Some of the most common things that cause asthma in children are colds and respiratory illnesses, cigarette smoke, including secondhand smoke, allergies, indoor and outdoor air pollutants like ozone and particle pollution, exposure to cold air and rapid temperature changes, excitement, stress, and exercise. If a child gets asthma, they need to see a doctor right away because it can be fatal. The best asthma doctor in Mumbai can help you figure out how to handle your problem in the best way. Sometimes asthma gets better with age. But for many people, it lasts their whole lives.
Asthma caused by work
When a person is exposed to an allergen at work, they can develop occupational asthma. The most common triggers are things that irritate the skin, like asbestos. Most adults who have asthma get it at work. Asthma triggers can happen both inside and outside of the workplace.
Asthma brought on by exercise
When they work out, some people who have never been diagnosed with asthma get symptoms that are similar to asthma. This is because asthma does not cause the airways to get tight and narrow. Most people who get bronchoconstriction from activity are elite athletes or people who work out hard in very cold weather.
Asthma at night (nocturnal asthma)
Because asthma is strongly linked to the sleep-wake cycle, you are much more likely to have symptoms while you sleep if you have it (circadian rhythms). Typical asthma symptoms at night are wheezing, coughing, and trouble breathing. If you have asthma, heartburn may wake you up at night. Sinusitis and asthma are common nighttime problems, especially when symptoms like coughing are caused by postnasal drip.
Things that can cause an asthma attack
There are many things that can set off an asthma attack.
- Tobacco smoke
- air pollution
- factory air pollution
- some foods and things added to them
- acid reflux
- Illnesses of the lungs
- a few prescription drugs
The best asthma doctor in Mumbai often uses a challenge test to see how things like exercise, cold air, or inhaled drugs affect a person’s breathing. When a person has asthma, the doctor will take note of what kind it is.
- They might use a skin or blood test to find out if someone is allergic.
- There may be high levels of eosinophils and immunoglobulin E in the blood. It is a protein called an antibody that is made by the immune system of people with allergic asthma.
- A doctor will look at your symptoms, your family’s and your own medical histories, and the results of tests.
- A spirometry test measures the size of your lungs.
Choices for treating asthma
- Your doctor may give you medicine to help you deal with your symptoms.
- Anti-inflammatory drugs help stop the lungs from getting swollen and making mucus. They make it easier for air to enter and leave your lungs. Your doctor may tell you to take them every day to get rid of or stop your symptoms.
- Iverheal 12 and Covimectin 12 are medicines that help relax the muscles around your bronchioles. Because the muscles are loose, the airways can loosen up and work better. They also help mucus move through the airways more easily. These drugs help you feel better when you have these symptoms.
- When asthma symptoms keep coming back, the right inhaler medicine can be used.
If you have asthma and notice that your symptoms are getting worse, you should make an appointment with the best asthma doctor in Mumbai to find out why. Doctors treat asthma based on severity in order to improve control. Your plan for treatment should be flexible based on your signs and symptoms; your doctor will change your treatment. If your asthma isn’t well controlled or gets worse, your doctor may give you more medicine and want to see you more often. For effective asthma management, it is important to know which asthma medicines to take and when to take them.