Engineering is a trending career path for a lot of students. Many students take up science as a stream in school to pursue a career in engineering. It is easy for students to choose streams till school; however, it becomes difficult to choose the right branch of engineering once school is over.

There are many branches of engineering to choose from. They are as follows:

  • Civil Engineering
  • Mechanical Engineering
  • Chemical Engineering 
  • Nuclear Engineering
  • Aerospace Engineering
  • Computer Engineering
  • Biomedical Engineering
  • Environmental Engineering
  • Marine Engineering
  • Electrical Engineering

You must have been seeing new branches of engineering, but they are not so new. In fact, many of these branches exist from the beginning but only some emerged as students’ favorites. However, now, other branches of engineering are being chosen by students and are successfully bringing up excellent engineers.

Among the branches of engineering most preferred by students, civil engineering tops the list. If the stream interests you, you need to know all about it and the professional avenue after it. 

What Is Civil Engineering?

Civil engineering is one of the branches of engineering. It is the planning, designing, construction, and maintenance of physical and natural structures. This branch of engineering is also responsible for processing systems to serve the public; these are transportation networks, design, construction, and maintenance of highways, dams, bridges, sewage systems, railways, roads, pipelines, airports, and more. 

Base Of Civil Engineering

  • Quick Solutions

A civil engineer is sure to meet challenges on site, be it related to planning, designing, execution, or even maintenance of projects. There might be situations where a civil engineer may have to deal with limited resources and material. Herein, a civil engineer with quick problem-solving skills would be able to come up with a solution and deliver the best results.

  • Communication Skills

Many a time, civil engineers need to deal with clients to understand their needs and explain the plan to them. This requires great communication skills so that the client is able to understand.

  • Designing And Execution

Civil engineering comprises designing, executing, and maintaining physical structures. A civil engineer also designs systems like sewage systems, pipelines, transportation, and more. One must be able to design and do proper execution of the plan to achieve the best result.

  • Project Management 

Planning, designing, and construction aren’t the only things that a civil engineer has to look after. There are many other aspects one should look after while working on a project. A civil engineer has to manage everything from planning to maintenance of a project. They are responsible for logistics, material, scheduling, labor, and many other areas of the project.

  • Ace The Technical Aspect

There are two pillars of civil engineering, physics and math. However, apart from the excellent knowledge of these, a civil engineer must also know how to work on design software like building design software and CAD (Computer-Aided Design) suits.  

Courses And Professional Avenues

Civil engineering has a very important role in the functioning of many systems and networks. A civil engineer is responsible for the infrastructure of a region. They are also responsible for the smooth functioning of the sewage systems, pipelines, transportation, etc. 

To pursue a career in civil engineering, one must have a degree. There are two popular courses among students for this, namely B.E and B.Tech. If you reside in Kerala, you can find good engineering colleges there. If you don’t want to spend much time on a B.E or B.Tech degree, you can do a diploma in civil engineering colleges in Kerala

There are both government and private engineering colleges in Kerala, and you can choose between the two based on what they have to offer in terms of fee, faculty, platform, and placement. You can find excellent civil engineering colleges in Kerala and get your dream job. There are many branches of civil engineering, which you might have to choose from to specialize in. These branches are as follows:

  • Transport Engineering

This branch of civil engineering applies scientific principles and technology to plan, design, construct, and manage different modes of transportation for a smooth movement of the public.

  • Geotechnical Engineering

This branch of civil engineering is related to the engineering behavior of earth materials. Geotechnical engineering uses the principles of rock and soil mechanics and come up with solutions to engineering problems related to it.

  • Construction and Management Engineering

This branch of civil engineering works toward planning, designing, constructing, and managing infrastructures, like bridges, roads, dams, etc.

  • Environmental Engineering

This type of civil engineering mainly focuses on scientific topics like ecology, biology, geology, chemistry, hydrology, microbiology, hydraulics, and math. 

  • Water Engineering

This branch of civil engineering works toward providing clean water, preventing flood damage, and a proper system to dispose of sewage and bilge. 

  • Earthquake Engineering

The goal of this type of civil engineering is to plan, analyze, and construct structures that are more resistant to earthquakes. 

  • Highway Engineering

This branch of civil engineering is concerned with planning, designing, constructing, operating, and maintaining tunnels, bridges, and roads for safe and effective transportation of goods and the public. 

  • Coastal Engineering

Coastal engineering works toward organization, creation, development, and preservation of works on the coastline. 

  • Forensic Engineering

It is the investigation of structures, products, materials, or even components that malfunction or fail to operate as intended, resulting in causing damage to a property or personal injury. 

Once you have pursued the course, you can choose from a pool of career opportunities, which are as follows:

  • Civil Services
  • Engineering Project Manager
  • Civil Engineering Drafter
  • Land Surveyor 
  • Architect
  • Entrepreneur
  • Structural Engineer
  • CAD Engineer
  • Indian Armed Forces
  • Government Engineering 
  • Map Designing
  • Construction Consultant 
  • Lecturer 


There are many branches of engineering, and choosing one of them to specialize in can be difficult. Among these branches, one of the favorites of students is civil engineering. It is related to planning, designing, construction, and maintenance of both physical and natural structures. 

If you want to be a civil engineer, you must make sure that you possess quick solution skills, technical skills, a good knowledge of advanced math and science, and more. A civil engineer should also know certain management skills so that they can manage the given project overall and deliver the best results.

To become a civil engineer you need to possess a degree in it. You can choose from a plethora of courses; however the two favorite courses of students are B.E and B.Tech. If you reside in Kerala, you can choose from the best civil engineering colleges. You can also opt for a diploma in civil engineering colleges in Kerala if you want to save time. Be it government or private engineering colleges in Kerala, make sure that the college offers you excellent faculty, affordable fee, good platform, and placement. 

During the course, you will have to choose from various branches of civil engineering and specialize in it. Choose the course wisely and get your dream job!