Acne- Causes, Home Remedies, And Treatments

Acne is a chronic inflammatory skin condition that commonly affects the face, back, shoulders, neck, chest, and upper torso and results in blemishes and patches. Although it can occur at any age, it typically occurs during puberty when the sebaceous glands begin to function. Although it’s not dangerous, skin scarring could result.

What Are The Causes Of Acne?

  • Oil Glands

Human skin has pores that link to oil glands beneath the skin. Follicles link the glands to the pores. Follicles are little sacs that make and secrete a liquid.

  • Dead Skin Cells

The glands produce a fatty liquid called keratin. Sebum conveys dead skin cells throughout the pores into the top layer of the epidermis. A little hair develops through the follicle from the skin.

  • Pimples

Pimples grow when these follicles become blocked, and petroleum builds up beneath the epidermis.

  • Hair Clumping

Skin cells, sebum, and hair may clump together into a plug. This plug becomes infected with germs, and swelling results. A pimple begins to grow if the plug starts to break down.

  • Menstrual Variables

A variety of factors cause acne, but the chief cause is regarded as growth in androgen levels.

Androgen is a sort of hormone, and the amounts of that increase when adolescence starts. In girls, it has converted to estrogen.

Increasing androgen levels cause the oil glands beneath the skin to develop. Excessive sebum may break down mobile walls from the pores, causing germs to grow.

  • Other Potential Triggers
  • Oily makeup
  • Hormonal fluctuations
  • Psychological stress
  • Menstruation


There are lots of proposed home remedies for acne, but maybe not all of them are supported by the study.

  1. Diet: It’s uncertain exactly what role diet plays in penalizing acne. Researchers have discovered that those who have a diet that delivers a fantastic source of vitamins E and A and zinc might get a decreased risk of severe acne. 
  2. Tea-tree: Results of a study of 60 patients printed in the Indian Journal of Dermatology, Venereology, and Leprology indicated that 5-percent tea-tree petroleum might help cure mild to moderate eczema.
  3. Tea: There are some indications that using tea polyphenols, like those found in green tea, as a topical preparation may help reduce sebum production and treat acne. However, rather than properly utilizing tea, the compounds, in this case, were removed from it.
  4. Moisturizers: All these can soothe skin, particularly in people that are utilizing acne treatments like isotretinoin. Moisturizers containing aloe vera in a concentration of at least 10 percent or witch hazel may have a relaxing and potentially anti-inflammatory impact.

How To Treat Acne?

Some of the acne treatments may include:

  1. Mild Acne Treatment

Skin that is sensitive responds best to creams and lotions. Alcohol-based gels are better for oily skin because they dry up the skin.

The following active substances may be found in over-the-counter acne treatments:

  • Resorcinol aids in the removal of whiteheads and blackheads
  • Benzoyl peroxide reduces sebum production while eradicating germs and accelerating epidermis replacement.
  • Lactic acid helps break down blackheads and whiteheads and reduces swelling and inflammation.
  • Sulfur: Its exact mechanism of action is toxic.
  • Retin-A promotes mobile turnover, which restores pores.
  • Lactic acid prevents sebum eruptions, strengthens the cells that line the pores, and inhibits the growth of microorganisms. While certain lotions are used for rosacea, some are used for acne.

It’s sensible, to begin with, the lowest strengths, as a few preparations can lead to skin irritation, redness, or burning the first usage.

  1. Fixing Mild To Severe Acne

A skin expert or dermatologist can handle more severe cases. They can prescribe a gel or lotion very similar to OTC drugs but more powerful, or an oral or topical antibiotic. This may cause scarring.

  1. Cosmetic Antibiotics

Oral antibiotics might be prescribed for up to 6 months to patients who have mild to severe acne. These aim to reduce the number of people with P. Acnes. The dose will begin largely and decrease since the acne clears.

  1. Cosmetic Dentistry

Cosmetic Dentistry will help control acne in girls by curbing the thyroid gland. They are generally employed as long-term acne remedies.


Acne is a severe issue among teenagers which is quite depressing but can be treated well with a little care. You have to consult professional pharmacists for acne treatment. Come to and get expert advice on acne treatment!